T07) Find t from Ct, C0 and k

50. Pharmacokinetics 50.2) Plasma concentrations over time 50.2.1) Plasma concentrations over time

T01: Later plasma concentration Normal 1

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A patient (139 Kg) is receiving an IV bolus administration of a drug. The plasma concentration was found to be 2.01 mg/L, when the blood was first collected. If the drug follows a first order elimination and the elimination rate constant (k) is 0.108 h-1, then how long will it take to reach the plasma concentration to 1.086 mg/L?

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lb equals 5.7 h kg

    For a first order process,
    It may be re-organized as:
    `\implies t = ln(C_{0}/C_{t})/k`
    Plugging values in this equation,
    `t =(ln(2.01/1.086))/0.108`
    Or, `t = 5.7`
    Thus, required time is `5.7 \quad h`.(Ans).