### NaCl needed to make isotonic, One drug

8. Buffer and Isotonic Solution 8.2) Isotonic Solution 8.2.2) NaCl needed, One drug

8.2.2.1) NaCl needed, One drug Easy 1

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Calculate the gram amount of NaCl required to make the following sterile product isotonic.

Rx:
Drug ABC: 1.25 %
NaCl qs
Aqua dist q.s. a.d. 100 mL
M.ft. isotonic solution
Provided, the E value of the drug is 0.41 . Click on the button below to see the answer and explanations

lb equals 0.388 g kg

Answer: 0.3875 grams of NaCl will be needed.
• Volume of the product: 100 mL
• Concentration of the drug: 1.25 %.
• Amount of NaCl needed to prepare an isotonic solution of this volume: 0.9/100 × 100 = 0.9 g
• Quantity of the drug present in the solution: 1.25 /100 × 100 = 1.25 g
• E value of the drug (provided): 0.41
• Now, the NaCl-equivalent tonicity contributed by the drug will be the product of drug's weight in g (1.25) and its E value ( 0.41 ), which is: 1.25 × 0.41 = 0.5125 g
• Therefore, the quantity of additional amount of NaCl required to make the product isotonic: 0.9 g - 0.5125 g = 0.3875 g